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India’s Modi Struggles but Survives No-Confidence Motion

India’s Modi Struggles but Survives No-Confidence Motion

By RZR News Team
Aug 10, 2023

Fast Facts

  • Opposition parties in India debated a vote of no confidence against Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi due to his handling of the ongoing ethnic violence between the mainly Hindu Meitei tribe and the Christian Kuki tribe in the Northeastern state of Manipur. Armed conflict between militia groups on both sides has been raging on for months with at least 150 casualties thus far.
  • Prime Minister Modi, who has been frequently criticized for promoting an authoritarian Hindu Nationalist Agenda, was initially silent on the ongoing violence in Manipur. On July 20, Modi released a statement condemning the sexual assault video, describing the incident as “shameful” and promising to bring an end to violence in the region.
  • Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi, who was only recently reinstated to Parliament following a ban by the Indian Supreme Court, blamed Modi and his ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for causing the violence in Manipur. Before he was reinstated into parliament, Gandhi had visited Manipur in late June to speak out against the violence.
  • Due to the BJP holding a majority in Parliament, it was almost guaranteed that the no-confidence vote would fail to remove him from office. Instead, India’s opposition parties hoped that the vote would force Modi to publicly address the Manipur situation and allow politicians to question Modi on his response to the violence.
  • Addressing the violence in Manipur has served as a rallying point for the opposition in India, uniting 26 opposition parties in the hopes that Modi’s response to the Manipur conflict can be used to weaken his grip on Indian politics after nine years of BJP rule.

Analysis

Prime Minister Modi’s victory in the no-confidence vote serves as a testament to his unwavering leadership and the support of the Indian people – or possibly, their fear of him. The outcome appears to underscore the fact that his policies and vision have been instrumental in propelling India forward on the global stage.

The no-confidence vote was not merely a political test but a reflection of the nation’s confidence in Modi’s governance. The outcome reflects the acknowledgment of his commitment to economic growth, national security and the welfare of every Indian citizen. 

Modi’s tenure has been marked by bold economic reforms and initiatives that have spurred job creation, investment and innovation. His resolute efforts to uplift the underprivileged and marginalized have transformed lives and generated a sense of national pride. 

However, one cannot discount that the uplifting of India has challenged the U.S. on a global scale. Entering into BRICS only emboldens China and Russia, two well-known foes of the United States. Additionally, the ethnic clashing in the nation has not been properly addressed by the PM. Hence, while Modi has made various improvements in India, the no-confidence vote is not necessarily an outrageous happening; in fact, it appears warranted and hopefully spurs a revision of his policies that are friendly to the United States’ enemies.

In conclusion, the PM’s triumph in the no-confidence vote highlights a unique dichotomy of Modi’s rule – his resolute commitment to steering India toward prosperity, security and global prominence, but the inability to overcome critical social issues and his willingness to align with corrupt nations for the sake of national prominence.

Learn more about the conservative viewpoint

Prime Minister Modi’s survival of the no-confidence vote is a multi-faceted outcome that reflects both economic achievements and ongoing societal challenges. While the vote underscores his administration’s positive strides in economic growth and development, it also casts a spotlight on lingering ethnic and social tensions that require delicate navigation.

Economically, Modi’s policies have contributed to India’s impressive growth and global economic relevance. His focus on reforms and infrastructure development has stimulated job creation and foreign investment, enhancing India’s competitive edge on the global stage.

However, the no-confidence vote also brings to the fore unresolved ethnic and social issues. Critics argue that Modi’s tenure has witnessed rising religious and cultural tensions, resulting in concerns about minority rights and social inclusivity. As the nation grapples with these challenges, it is imperative to maintain a balanced approach that safeguards individual liberties and promotes harmonious coexistence.

India’s diverse fabric demands leadership that addresses economic growth while ensuring the protection of civil liberties and social cohesion. The no-confidence vote serves as a reminder of the delicate equilibrium required to navigate the complex interplay of economic progress and social harmony.

As India forges ahead, it is crucial to harness economic achievements while steadfastly addressing the ethnic and social complexities that shape the nation’s identity. Balancing economic advancement with the preservation of social unity remains a paramount challenge that requires thoughtful and inclusive leadership.

Learn more about the independent viewpoint

The outbreak of violence in Manipur has justifiably sparked anger over the BJP’s refusal to protect Manipur citizens from violence. It should be noted though that while the violence against the Kuki has been especially brutal these past three months, vigilante violence by Hindu extremists is not new to India, although Modi himself denies the existence of any sort of Hindu terrorism. It should also be noted that while the Kuki are the primary victims of this particular pogrom other religious and ethnic minorities have also been targeted in the past and that multiple tribes have joined the Kuki in protest against state-sanctioned Meitei terrorism.

 The conflict in Manipur began when the Meitei tribe attempted to claim Scheduled Tribal (ST) Status in order to receive benefits from the government. This decision angered the Kuki as they felt the Meitei already wielded disproportionate power in Manipur and because the Meitei had deliberately rejected ST status in the past. While the ST designation was intended to help historically marginalized groups there is a highly politicized historical debate about whether the Kuki should actually count as “indigenous.” At the same time, the recent influx of refugees from neighboring Myanmar has empowered the government to force the Kuki off their land under the guise of fighting illegal immigration and foreign drug traffickers. 

This is an especially important issue since the land the Kuki occupy is highly desirable by big corporations for its natural resources and because Modi’s government has forced millions of other indigenous tribes off their land in the name of economic development. The tight-knit relationship between Modi and other wealthy Indian capitalists is an important factor to explain not only Modi’s rise to power but also how his government uses violence against non-Hindus to secure that power. 

But unlike ethnic violence in the past – particularly the 2002 Gujarat riots – the violence in Manipur could have dire political consequences for him as the opposition movement tries to pin the violence in the region on the BJP and Modi’s Hindu supremacist ideology. Opposition politicians have already admitted that the no-confidence vote was doomed to fail, but that is because calling a vote was never meant to remove Modi from office. Instead, the goal of the opposition was to use the Manipur conflict to their own advantage by shining a light on the Hindutva violence Modi and the BJP have enabled for years. 

Outside of domestic politics, the chaos in Manipur is also undermining Modi’s political ambitions abroad. Instability in Manipur could affect Myanmar, but it also diverts attention away from India’s border conflict with China as well. Yet, despite presiding over horrific racial violence at home, Modi has yet to alienate his allies in the West; while Manipur burned, Modi signed an arms deal with France and met with President Biden to discuss China. Modi is an important ally of the West, so it is highly unlikely that America will criticize his Manipur response too harshly.

– Matthew Kimball

Learn more about the liberal viewpoint

India’s Parliament recently debated a vote of no-confidence against current Indian PM Narendra Modi’s Cabinet. If by some chance Prime Minister Modi was removed, which was unlikely, Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party with help from its allies still would have held a majority in Parliament. 

However, it appears the vote of no confidence’s end goal was not so much to remove PM Modi from office, but rather to send a message to him about an ongoing conflict in India. In the northeastern region of Manipur, there has been a notable amount of conflict based on ethnic differences within the region compared to the rest of India. 

There has been conflict in the region recently based on calls for a separate state administration because of a growing sentiment of being neglected by the government in New Delhi. This demand for a separate state government has been explicitly rejected by the Meitei, the largest ethnic group within the region.

PM Modi received backlash for silence on the issue during the first two months of the conflict, before finally saying something when a video of two naked women being paraded through the streets by a mob sparked outrage among Indian citizens about the government’s lack of action in the issue. 

While PM Modi was not removed from office, the opposition is sending a clear message on the part of the general Indian public. Indian citizens will not stand to see their fellow countrymen dragged through the streets to promote ideas of separation or racial hatred. It remains unclear if, when and how PM Modi plans to solve this conflict.

Learn more about the libertarian viewpoint